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提前掌握混凝土攪拌車冬季保養小知識?

發布時間:2020-11-30 來源:http://www.pembeyol.com/ 瀏覽量:

概述:已經到了立冬的季節,在這個氣溫較低的冬季,對于混凝土攪拌車來說是一個難熬的季節,所以在冬季來臨之計攪拌車司機們要未雨綢繆,提早掌握
已經到了立冬的季節,在這個氣溫較低的冬季,對于混凝土攪拌車來說是一個難熬的季節,所以在冬季來臨之計攪拌車司機們要未雨綢繆,提早掌握一些攪拌車保養的小知識,下面告訴大家一些具體的方法:
It's the beginning of winter. In this low temperature winter, it's a tough season for the concrete mixer truck. So when winter comes, the drivers of the mixer truck should take precautions and master some knowledge about the maintenance of the mixer truck in advance. Here are some specific methods:
1、攪拌車在發動前,必須進行全面的檢查,確定好各部位是否正??煽?,螺栓連接是否牢固,操作是否靈活等!
1. Before starting the mixer, a comprehensive inspection must be carried out to determine whether all parts are normal and reliable, whether the bolt connection is firm, and whether the operation is flexible!
2、各部位潤滑點示意要求進行加油處,必須保持干凈。
2. The lubricating points of each part indicate that the oil filling place must be kept clean.
3、對液壓泵、液壓馬達,減速河曲等元件,必須遵循產品說明書的要求進行保養。
3. Hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor, deceleration bend and other components must be maintained in accordance with the requirements of the product manual.
4、定期檢查攪拌車葉片的磨損情況,并及時做出修補。
4. Regularly check the wear of mixer blades and repair them in time.
5、液壓、氣壓各系統管路是否密封牢固,是否有磨損,是否有漏油,漏氣等現象應及時檢查排除。
5. Whether the hydraulic and pneumatic system pipelines are sealed firmly, whether there is wear, whether there is oil leakage, air leakage and other phenomena should be checked and eliminated in time.
6、在寒冬季節設備每次使用完畢后,應排盡水箱及管路內的存水,防止結冰。
6. In the cold winter season, after each use of the equipment, the water in the water tank and pipeline should be drained to prevent freezing.
7、冬季洗車要打開攪拌車車門,及時擦干水跡,以防止門縫的殘水結冰凍住車門。洗車時盡量能夠溫水洗車,不要用冷水直接清洗。在室內進行是比較好的。因為涼水滴在車上結冰容易導致漆層破裂。車輛前后風擋下的縫隙也要注意清理,冬天風干物燥有火災隱患。
7. In winter, the door of the mixer should be opened to dry the water trace in time, so as to prevent the residual water from freezing the door. When washing the car, try to wash the car in warm water instead of cold water. It's better to do it indoors. Because the cold water drops on the car and freezes, it is easy to cause the paint layer to crack. The gap under the front and rear windshield of the vehicle should also be cleaned up. In winter, the air drying is dry and there is a fire hazard.
在冬季里玻璃結霜結冰的情況很常見,這主要是因為小型混凝土攪拌車車內外溫差大造成的,所以晚上回家停車前,將車窗打開幾分鐘,可以避免早晨開車時玻璃結霜。如果側窗結霜或者結冰的話注意不要打開車窗。
In winter, frosting and freezing of glass is very common, which is mainly caused by the large temperature difference between inside and outside the small concrete mixer truck. Therefore, before you go home and park at night, open the window for a few minutes to avoid frosting when driving in the morning. If the side window is frosted or iced, be careful not to open the window.
              混凝土攪拌車
8、注意檢查防凍液玻璃水
8. Pay attention to check the antifreeze glass water
冬季需要注意檢查水箱的防凍液與玻璃水,如果是通用型防凍液,只需要檢查冰點的高低。而機油通常都是冬夏季通用的所以無須擔心。而玻璃水要看下冰點以防止因為冰凍而噴不出來的情況發生。 在結冰的日子,要注意擦去雨刷片上的殘雪和冰,同時要擦凈風擋玻璃,防止雨刮片和風擋玻璃凍在一起,下雪時夜間停車可以將雨刮片支起來,以確保不會被凍住。
In winter, it is necessary to check the antifreeze and glass water in the water tank. If it is a general antifreeze, it is only necessary to check the freezing point. And oil is usually used in winter and summer, so don't worry. And glass water to see the freezing point to prevent because of freezing and spray out of the situation. In freezing days, it is necessary to wipe off the residual snow and ice on the wiper blade, and clean the windshield glass to prevent the wiper blade and windshield glass from freezing together. When it snows at night, the wiper blade can be supported to ensure that it will not be frozen.
如果被凍住了,不可直接拿開水澆來解凍,這樣容易驟冷驟熱損壞車玻璃。若要除冰,可以先啟動發動機,打開車中的暖風,用汽車玻璃專用的雪鏟。
If it is frozen, do not directly take boiling water to thaw, which is easy to damage the car glass. To remove ice, you can start the engine first, turn on the warm air in the car, and use the snow shovel specially used for automobile glass.
9、有條件要更換冬季輪胎
9. If possible, replace the winter tire
如果有條件的話建議小型水泥攪拌車司機更換冬季輪胎,東北建議更換雪地輪胎,因為當室外氣溫降低時,普通輪胎的橡膠就會變硬,其各項性能也會相應降低,而冬季輪胎可在寒冷路面保持良好的抓地與操控性。
If possible, it is suggested that the driver of small cement mixer should change the winter tire, and the Northeast should replace the snow tire, because when the outdoor air temperature decreases, the rubber of ordinary tire will become hard, and its various properties will also be reduced accordingly, and the winter tire can maintain good grip and handling performance on cold roads.
10、冬季用車必備小工具
10. Necessary tools for winter use
此外,冬季駕駛小型混凝土攪拌運輸車還需要一些特別的工具以備不時之需。搭電線可以在蓄電池無法啟動時借助別的車的蓄電池來啟動電機,冬季氣溫低使用3年以上的蓄電池電能很容易過低,尤其是長時間停放的車輛上。拖車繩是用來應付車無法啟動的必要裝備。另外就是除雪鏟了,別看這把小小的鏟子在冬季大雪時候擋風玻璃上的雪都需要它來處理,如果只依靠雨刷器來刮的話有可能讓雨刷器報廢。
In addition, driving a small concrete mixer truck in winter also needs some special tools in case of emergency. When the battery fails to start, it can start the motor with the help of the battery of another vehicle. When the temperature is low in winter, the battery power which has been used for more than 3 years is easy to be too low, especially on the vehicle that has been parked for a long time. The tow rope is the necessary equipment to deal with the vehicle unable to start. The other is the snow shovel. Although this small shovel needs it to deal with the snow on the windshield when it snows heavily in winter, if you only rely on the wiper to scrape, the wiper may be scrapped.
11、冬季停/行車注意事項
11. Precautions for stopping / driving in winter
由于冬季天氣寒冷,機油會因為黏滯度增加而不易流動,所以發動機啟動后應該緩慢駕駛進行預熱,其間不可激烈駕駛,也不要讓發動機的轉速過高。不過這段時間不必太長,只要溫度表的指針開始上升就可以正常行駛了。
Due to the cold weather in winter, the oil will not flow easily due to the increase of viscosity. Therefore, after the engine is started, the engine should be driven slowly to warm up. During this period, it is not allowed to drive violently and the engine speed should not be too high. However, this period of time does not need to be too long, as long as the thermometer pointer starts to rise, you can drive normally.
另外熱車以后,不可將空調溫度開的太高,如果長時間駕駛建議多開外循環,避免駕駛員長時間吸入二氧化碳而產生疲憊感,而如果需要在車內休息建議車窗留一個小縫隙防止長時間吸入一氧化碳中毒。
In addition, the temperature of the air conditioner should not be turned too high after hot driving. If driving for a long time, it is recommended to open more external circulation to avoid fatigue caused by long-term inhalation of carbon dioxide. If it is necessary to rest in the car, it is recommended to leave a small gap in the window to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning.
冬季開車,起步與剎車的也需要特別注意。尤其是路面結了薄冰的時候,起步一定要柔和緩慢,可以讓輪胎有一個漸熱的過程,而在上下坡的時候也不要猛踩油門防止側滑發生,停車時需要注意拉緊手剎車。
Winter driving, starting and braking also need special attention. Especially when there is thin ice on the road surface, the starting must be gentle and slow, so that the tires can have a gradual heating process. When going up and down the slope, do not step on the accelerator to prevent sideslip. When parking, you need to pay attention to tightening the handbrake.
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